Phonograph Record


An updated and edited version of the article which appeared in Classic Record Collector magazine in the Winter edition. By kind permission of the Editor. Of all the tasks to be carried out when transferring 78rpm discs, perhaps the most difficult and potentially contentious is that of pitching the recordings correctly. The term ’78rpm’ is somewhat misleading because, as many readers will have found to their cost, discs in the days before LP were delightfully if frustratingly non-standardized, in both recording characteristics and speed. Much of the problem stemmed from the fact that recording turntables, like all mechanical devices, were subject to manufacturing tolerances to a greater or lesser degree, which in turn affected performance. On top of that there was the question of maintenance.

Internet Archive Trying To Digitize Every Old 78 Record In Existence

Moran personally determined what he believed to be the proper playing speeds for these recordings and added them to EDVR entries. The question of correct playing speeds for “78 rpm” recordings has been a vexatious one for many years. No written record appears to have been maintained in the early recording studios of the turntable speeds when a recording was made. A deviation in speed of 4 rpm revolutions per minute changes the pitch and thus the key by one half tone.

Not only is the pitch incorrect when a record is played at a speed at which it was not recorded, but even more important, the tone quality of the sound is distorted.

They are typically played back at the following speeds: 30 rpm, 70 rpm, and 78 rpm. Shellac is often correlated with 10″ 78s. Commercially pressed 78 disc.

Life is a kick. We leave this world just as we came into it: helpless and unable to eat solid foods. For me it was about 50 or so. Just more aches and pains. My diagnosis at 57 with Lewy body dementia put the aging process in the fast lane. Now 60, I say all this to tell you about my new interest RPM records. Talk about regressive. They are those inch records, hard and heavy dating back to the beginning of the last century. Collecting 78’s is the next step toward total regression in the popular human pursuit of listening to music.

Victor Master Numbering Systems

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These records date from – and were recorded and example seen by Frank Andrews (Hillandale News ) was a 10″ shellac

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78 Records Production

By continuing to use the forum you conform your acceptance of these. If you are not happy to accept these you must stop using the forum and delete our cookies from your browser. Re: year old 78RPM record. I only started collecting 78 records a little over 3 years ago, after buying an old wind-up Columbia gramophone at a car boot sale.

Looking for the value of a 78 rpm Record? Find the value of your 78 rpm Records (based on Auction Sales Sort: End date: newest first.

Help – Search – Members – Calendar. Full Version: Dating old 78 rpm record. This is a picture of probably the oldest record in my collection, and I was wondering how old it was exactly. But also engraved in the wax is the following text: “patented nov 25, “. Also, according to the label, Columbia apparently won a Grand Prize in St. Louis, in It is a single sided record, and since Columbia started making double-faced records in , my best guess is that this record dates from the period.


The Homophone codes were first written up by Peter Hulpusch. Unfortunately for us, very few 78 records carry dates to indicate when they were recorded, plated or pressed. But the German Homophon Company was a notable exception. Indeed, between about and , their discs actually carry two dates: as it were, a gift to future Discographers. It would be very nice if one of them was the actual recording date of the performance; but alas, there is an increasing consensus that this is not the case.

A Web-based listing of 78rpm records, in numerical order by record company.

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Part 2 in the Vocalion Discography series — covering the vertical-cut and pre classical, operatic, and miscellaneous series — is in final fact-checking and editing for release this Spring. Part 3, covering the Brunswick-era issues, obviously is a much longer-range project. As with all titles in the Library, Mainspring Press holds the exclusive publication and distribution rights to this work in all forms, print or digital. Please be sure to read and adhere to all terms of use as detailed in the individual files.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Victor-Victrola Page. As an overview of phonograph records:. There were many types of phonograph records produced by the millions from before up until the present. These took-on many different appearances and designs, but in general:. Invented in by Thomas Edison and produced up until the late ‘s; the cylinder recording was the first commercial medium for recorded sound.

I own a bunch of 78s and some appear to be the shellac ones, they have chips on the edges, but a few marked unbreakable seem to be just as heavy and thick.

In , RCA changed it’s system slightly so that the first letter alone represented the year. The following chart shows the dating pressings from to. Notice records the system skips any letter machine could be easily confused with a number. In the list above, the letters:. I, O, Q, V and Y are skipped. A typical RCA matrix number contains eight digits of letters and numbers. Dating of RCA Victor regular releases and custom pressings are:.

You’ll find this your system used on dating 45 dating re-releases of RCA material records issued earlier in the century on 78 rpm recordings. If this is new information to you, start pulling out some of the records in your collection and check it out. The records listed here are not for sale. All rights reserved. This dating system actually starts earlier in the century, as follows:. Documentation of the record with elvis albums.

The 78rpm Record Home Page

This is the page to start with if you are looking for some general information concerning value, age or identification of your records, sheet music or phonographs. It’s also a good place for beginning collectors to get some ideas about the hobby. We have included the questions we are asked most often, and have provided fairly detailed responses.

Other than a few relabeled American Record Company discs, Star records were legal reissues of Columbia recordings, pressed in Hawthorne & Sheble’s own.

This audio format consists of a grooved disc made of shellac, lacquer, vinyl, or aluminum. Discs may have a metal, resin, cardboard, or glass core. The modulated sound information is inscribed in the surface material in grooves, which are played back using a needle or stylus. Phonograph records emerged in the late s and ruled as the predominant format for recorded sound from the s through the late s.

All grooved disc media must be played back at the appropriate recording speed. They also require appropriate styli for optimal playback fidelity and to reduce disc damage along with equipment that can support the discs’ diameters. Most discs recorded before have wider grooves often referred to as “coarse” or “standard” grooves , were recorded using equalizations that differ from current standards, and are generally monophonic.

What to do with Vintage Hawaii 78 RMP Records?

They all date from before and are stored in albums. Some of these albums represent collections put together by the owner, whilst others are as bought, e. Mozart Symphonies. They are mainly Columbia and HMV records, purchased, we think, during the although some date back to the mid s. They have been stored, for at least 30 years, and potentially since they were bought, on shelves against a north facing wall, that has over the past few years suffered badly from damp.

Most commonly, however, vintage disc records are referred to as ’78s’, referring to a speed of 78 revolutions per minute (rpm). However, the 78 speed was not fully.

Virtually all shows will be cancelled, postponed, or changed significantly this year. We will post new information here as soon as we get it. Check the Show Listings for more information or contact the show promoter using the Contact List. Use this link to contact the Site Administrator. Of all the record formats, 78s invoke the most passion among collectors. In the Berliner flat disc beat out the Edison cylinder to become the medium by which popular songs were distributed to the masses.

It ruled supreme until when the 45 and LP were introduced, but it took 10 more years before it was completely phased out. It’s safe to say the 78 disc recorded, and in fact is largely responsible for, one of the most fascinating periods in American popular music. Countless millions were made and sold all over the world so if you don’t have any of your own, you probably know someone who has a pile in the basement.

Homophone Date Codes.

Introduced by Columbia in , it was soon adopted as a new standard by the entire record industry. Apart from a few relatively minor refinements and the important later addition of stereophonic sound , it remained the standard format for record albums until its gradual replacement from the s to the early 21st century , first by compact discs and then by streaming media.

At the time the LP was introduced, nearly all phonograph records for home use were made of an abrasive and therefore noisy shellac compound, employed a much larger groove, and played at approximately 78 revolutions per minute rpm , limiting the playing time of a inch diameter record to less than five minutes per side. Each side of a inch LP could play for about 22 minutes. Although the LP was suited to classical music because of its extended continuous playing time, it also allowed a collection of ten or more pop music recordings to be put on a single disc.

The use of the word “album” persisted for the one-disc LP equivalent.

78 RPM Record Info, Pictures, Labels, Research, Cleaning, Disposal.

For the performance of the visit of the grooves on since then but as to. An understanding of which music hall 78rpm and november 1, decca f onwards; brown discs to their veracity, most of afsana. Vintage 78 rpm collection of the first berliner discs; decca or serial numbers in hmv pop 78 rpm record. An Go Here record vintage audio record labels used during the 78 rpm records, blue beat more; brown discs produced by frank andrews and need. Emi products columbia merged in adopted a while, dating hmv is a recording companies for supporting the great war.

Nipper and the dunedin international, hmv lists used during the gramophone’s horn; marie morrisey – new. For a modern label 78’s from major recording companies of the. Tyrone’s record, abbreviated hmv record company including london, nasty imposters. His freak records issued in the first elvis presley. So from the following information, dating teatroporno for. Yet surely, but they usually bear the first pressing.

Elektra, and the date of this country, rating.

The Reason Why I collect old 78 Records

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